Moulds for shoes were made and filled, usually by a team of 3 men, reducing the mess. Even custom made shoes were made for those who, through wounds, had deformed feet.
This image of Des Bettany’s artwork has been reproduced with permission from the book ‘Don’t Ever Again Say “It Can’t Be Done”’ published by The Changi Museum, Singapore.
‘In the early days of our prisoner of war career… a handful of volunteers got together with a view to repairing shoes … (it) later proved to be the birth of one of the most essential and useful installations in the camp: namely, the Rubber Factory.
On the strength of these experiments it was decided to open a factory for the manufacture of these rubber soles. Tappers, to tap the rubber trees and bring the latex to the factory each morning, were trained. Mixers were trained to mix latex, laterite and cement in their exact quantities.
Suitable moulds were manufactured and numerous small appurtenances, such as mixing bowls (old tins), and scraping knives of chrome (made from motor car radiators) were made or ‘scrounged’, and within a few days the factory was ready to commence production.’
Source: Robert Moffett, ‘Rubber Factory Report’, in Lachlan Grant (ed.), The Changi Book, Published by New South in association with the Australian War Memorial, 2015, pg. 200, 203